Leather has played an important role in the development of civilisation. From prehistoric times until modern era, man has used the skins of animals to satisfy his basic needs. He has used hides to make clothing, shelter, carpets and even decorative attire. This history is the prove that humanity cannot be separated from leather.

 

Genuine leather itself is a very durable material comparing other materials (such as: canvas, fabric, vinyl, etc). It tends to last significantly longer, around 10-15 years if maintained well. However, the price of genuine  leather is always higher because of the high price of raw material.

 

The process of making a leather product is not simple. There are many processes that is divided into four sub-processes: preparatory stages, tanning, crusting, and surface coating. The preparatory stages are when the hide/skin is prepared for tanning. Tanning is the process that converts the protein of the raw hide or skin into a stable material which will not putrefy and is suitable for a wide variety of end applications. Crusting is when the hide/skin is thinned, retanned and lubricated. Surface coating is the last process to make the leather goods which is also called as finishing.